How Humans Have Shaped Robots (part I)
Leonardo Da Vinci created a design for what is considered to be the first humanoid robot. It was designed to move similarly to humans: sit down, wave, and open and close its jaw. He was indeed, a man of the future.
Jacques de Vaucanson creates “The Duck.” A mechanical, duck shaped device that can flap its wings, eat, and digest grain. This was created during a time when automatons were popular as toys.
The term “robot” is first used in the play "Rossum's Universal Robots” by Karel Capek.
Westinghouse Electric Corporation unveils ELEKTRO at the 1939 World’s Fair. ELEKTRO is a humanoid robot that can walk, talk, and smoke.
W. Grey Walter created “the turtle robots,” which could find their charging station when their batteries were running low. Spoiler alert - they don’t look like actual turtles.
The first artificial intelligence research laboratories are opened at the University of Edinburgh, Stanford University and Stanford Research Institute.
The first computer controlled walking machine was created by Mcgee and Frank at the University of South Carolina.
“Shakey” first mobile robot that could reason about its own actions is built by SRI. This mobile robot has a vision system and is controlled by a computer that takes up an entire room. It was the first project that combined logic and reasoning with physical movement.